• Ecology in a (rapidly) changing world

    I study how animals perceive and adjust to their environment,

    and why this matters for populations and ecosystems.

    My model of choice: large herbivores.

    Because you can (relatively) easily monitor their behaviour in natura,

    and they have important ecosystem effects.

    Some have high societal and economical values,

    so my research sometimes matter beyond basic science.

     

    We (as humans) are making the world's climate different.

    How this affects organisms in the hottest applied ecological question.

    I do my share to bring an answer to it.

  • Research outputs

    the most interesting ones, in no specific order!

    codes in parenthesis refer to publications, see list below.

    Memory-driven movement explains home-range formation and reduces competition

    Most animals use a limited space compare to what is available to them, i.e. they have home-ranges. Until recently it was not clear what created such pattern. We have recently shown that the use of spatial memory leads to more efficient foraging than other forms of movements and that home-ranges naturally emerge from such memory-driven movements (article A33). We have further shown that animals with spatial memory reduce competition pressure by segregating themselves. This has implications for the study of density dependence and population regulation that we are currently investigating.

    Oh, and we also developed new statistical tools to study recursion patterns in movement data (article A43, in press).

    Spatial predator avoidance is pervasive and occurs at multiple scales

    Animals must go where their food is, but need to compromise with the risk of being predated upon when foraging means being in an unsafe place. This is well known, but surprisingly we don't understand so well the contribution of spatial avoidance vs. other strategies (like vigilance), and most importantly at what scale does this avoidance occur. I am studying this in various systems: on roe deer we have shown that avoidance occur both at the habitat scale and within-habitats, but not at larger scale (article A36). Roe deer also make strong use of the day/night contrasts in human activities. Similarly, in a African savanna, Plain zebras move away from waterholes at night to avoid meeting lions (and they move quickly away from them when this occurs)(article A40). This diel migration (similar to the famous diel vertical migration of aquatic animals) decrease risk by more than 60% in the dry season ! (to the best of my knowledge this is the first quantification of the impact of such diel migration)(submitted).

    Oh, and I do enjoy movement ecology !

     

    Anti-predator behaviours persist in predator-free environments

    One generally expects anti-predator behaviours to disappear when prey live without predators. This may happen when predators are extirpated, like in many places, or when prey are moved to predation-free areas. We studied such a situation in Haida Gwaii (Canada), an archipelago colonized by black-tailed deer after a few of them were introduced over 100 years ago. We have shown that despite the absence of predators and hunting for several generations, deer remain vigilant when foraging (article A35) and are still able to recognize cues from wolves (article A30). This may be because not enough time has past, but also because the costs of these behaviours are low.

    I'm currently modelling the evolution of anti-predator behaviour in predation-free environments to better predict how this could affect the dynamics of prey when predators disappear but then return, like wolves in many places.

    Oh, and this project is only one component of a larger project on deer impact on biodiversity in Haida Gwaii, initiated by J.L. Martin (his webpage is here). And checkout this interesting paper about how deer persist at high density in depleted environments (article A29).

    Surface-water distribution can drive population dynamics

    Many species need to drink, at least during some specific time of the year. Then, the distribution of water in the landscape constrains the one of animals, and determine the what resources are spatially available to them. This in turn influences the strength of the competition and may drive populations dynamics. We have demonstrated that this is what drives the dynamics of one of the largest elephant populations (mainly article A11, but see article A5).

    Oh, and I've discussed and debated how artificial water management therefore buffers the impact of climate on many species and why this may be good or bad (articles A7, A8).

    General ecology of Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe.

    I've been working in Hwange NP (filled polygon in the map), one of the largest African's protected area, during my PhD, and ever since. Among other things, I've revealed that in this Park climate change is occurring with drought becoming more severe (article A6). I've also clarified the drivers of vegetation spatial patterns (rainfall, waterholes: articles A4, A16) and questioned the role of artificial water provision on the ecology of the Park (article A7). Obviously, I've also led or contributed to studies bringing knowledge about the ecology of large herbivores.

    Oh, and with others, these research have led Hwange NP to become a long-term research site of the my institution, the CNRS. For more info about this program and research conducted by others, see here (website is being finalized).

    Plant architecture is a key trait driving plant-herbivore interactions

    This is a bit of a side project for me, but I love it. By browsing plants, herbivores modify the growth and architecture of woody plants, changing their allometry (article A22). I believe that understanding plant architectural response to browsing is key to understand the tree-browser interaction. In savannas, we are currently pursuing works to reveal the plant development rules leading to 'cages' and, using a suite of tree species, how these rules may be aggregated in an index that predict well the herbivore intake rate (in prep).
    Oh, and we are also extending current 3D architectural models of tree growth to simulate browsing, plant response and its effect on plant resource acquisition. But it all started with some drawings (this one is by C. Edelin. He says it's easy... and yes there is a tree that looks exactly like this!).

  • Publications

    For stats or pdfs, see my GoogleScholar (click here) or ResearchGate (click here) profiles.

    The ORCID profile is here.

    Preprints

     

     

    Michelot T. , Blackwell P.G., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Matthiopoulos J. Inference in MCMC step selection models. arXiv https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.10930

     

    Chamaillé-Jammes S. A reformulation of the selection ratio shed light on resource selection functions and leads to a unified framework for habitat selection studies. bioRxiv https://doi.org/10.1101/565838

     

    Peer-reviewed articles

     

    A63. Patin R., Etienne M.-P., Lebarbier E., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Benhamou S. Identifying stationary phases in multivariate time-series for highlighting behavioural modes and home range settlements. In press in Journal of Animal Ecology (also at )

    A62. Rozen-Rechels D., Dupoué A., Lourdais O., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Meylan S., Clobert J., Le Galliard J.-F. When water interacts with temperature: ecological and evolutionary implications of thermo-hydroregulation in terrestrial ectotherms. In press in Ecology & Evolution.

    A61. Makin D., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Shrader A. Alarm calls or predator calls: which elicit stronger responses in ungulate communities living with and without lions? Oecologia 190:25-35.

    A60. Say-Sallaz E., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Fritz H., Valeix M. Non-consumptive effects of predation in large terrestrial mammalian systems: mapping our knowledge and revealing the tip of the iceberg. Biological Conservation 235:36-52.
    A59. Blanchard P., Lauzeral C., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Brunet C., Lec’hvien A., Péron G., Pontier D. 2018. Coping with change in predation risk across space and time through complementary behavioral responses. BMC Ecology 18:60.
    A58. Hartley A., Shrader A., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2019. Can intrinsic foraging efficiency explain dominance status? A test with functional response experiments. Oecologia 189:105-110.
    A57. Wijers M., Trethowan P., Markham A., du Preez B., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Loveridge A.W., Macdonald D.W. 2019. Listening to lions: Animal-borne acoustic sensors improve bio-logger calibration and behaviour classification performance. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2018.00171
    A56. Courbin N., Loveridge A., Fritz H., Macdonald D., Patin R., Valeix M., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2019. Zebra diel migration reduce encounter risk with lions at night. Journal of Animal Ecology 88:92-101.
    A55. Patin R., Fortin D., Sueur C., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2019. Space use and leadership modify dilution effects on optimal vigilance under food/safety trade-offs. The American Naturalist 193:E15-E28.

    A54. Arraut E.M., Loveridge A.J., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Valls-Fox H., Macdonald D.W. 2018. The 2013-2014 vegetation structure map of Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe, produced using free satellite images and software. Koedoe 60:a1497.

    A53. Couriot O. Hewison A.J.M., Said S., Cagnacci F., Chamaillé-Jammes S. Linnell J., Mysterud A., Peters W., Urbano F., Heurich M., Kjellander P., Nicoloso S., Berger A., Sustr P., Kroeschel M., Soennichsen L., Sandfort R., Gehr B., Morellet N. 2018. Truly sedentary? The multi-range tactic as a response to resource heterogeneity and unpredictability in a large herbivore. Oecologia 187:47-60.

    A52. Tucker M., ..., Chamaillé-Jammes S., et al. 2018. Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements in human-dominated landscapes. Science 359:466-469.

    A51. Valls-Fox H., Chamaillé-Jammes S., de Garine-Wichatitsky M., Perrotton A., Courbin N., Miguel E., Guerbois C., Caron A., Loveridge A.W., Stapelkamp B., Muzamba M., Fritz H. 2018. Water and cattle shape habitat selection by wild herbivores at the edge of a protected area. Animal Conservation 21:365-375.

    A50. Makin D., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Shrader A. 2018. Changes in feeding behavior and patch use in response to the introduction of a new predator. Journal of Mammalogy 99:341-350.

    A49. Riotte-Lambert L., Benhamou S., Bonenfant C., Chamaillé-Jammes S. Spatial memory shapes density-dependence in population dynamics. 2017. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 284:20171411.

    A48. Valls-Fox H., Fritz H., de Garine-Wichatitsky M., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2017.Resource depletion vs. landscape complementation: habitat selection by a multiple central place forager. Landscape Ecology 33:127-140.

    A47. Tshipa A., Valls-Fox H., Collins K., Fritz H., Sebele L., Mundy P., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2017. Partial migration links local surface-water management to large-scale elephant conservation in the world's largest transfrontier conservation area. Biological Conservation 215:46-50.

    A46. Makin D.F., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Shrader A.M. 2017. Herbivores attempt to reduce risk from ambush and cursorial predators by varying their use of a suite of anti-predator behaviours. Animal Behaviour 127:225-231.
    A45. Charles-Dominique T., Barczi J., Le Roux E., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2017. The architectural design of trees protects them against large herbivores. Functional Ecology 31:1710-1717.
    A44. Riotte-Lambert L., Benhamou S., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2017. From randomness to traplining: A conceptual and methodological framework for the study of routine movement behaviour. Behavioral Ecology 28:280-287.
    A43. Kuijper D.P.J, Elmhagen B., Sahlén E., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Sand H., Lone K., Cromsigt J.P.G.M. 2016. Claws or paws? Ecological effects of large carnivores in anthropogenic landscapes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B. 283:20161625.

    A42. Le Saout S., Massouh M., Martin J.-L., Presseault-Gauvin H., Poilvé E., Côté S.D., Picot D., Verheyden H., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2016. Levels of fecal glucocorticoid metabolites do not reflect environmental contrasts across islands in black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis) populations. Mammal Research 61:391-398.

    A41. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Charbonnel A., Dray S., Madzikanda H., Fritz H. 2016. Spatial distribution of a large herbivore community at waterholes: an assessment of its stability over years in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Plos One 11:e0153639.

    A40. Bonnot N., Morellet N., Hewison A.J.M., Martin J.-L., Benhamou S., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2016. Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis) adjust habitat selection and activity rhythm to the absence of predators. Canadian Journal of Zoology 94:385-394.

    A39. Blanchard, P. Lauzeral, C., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Yoccoz, N.G., Pontier D. 2016. Analyzing the proximity to cover in a landscape of fear: A new approach applied to fine-scale habitat use by rabbits facing feral cat predation on Kerguelen archipelago. PeerJ 4:e1769.

    A38. Courbin N., Loveridge A.J., McDonald D.W., Valeix M, Fritz H, Makuwe E., Fritz H., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2016. Reactive responses of zebras to lion encounters shape their predator–prey space game at large scale. Oikos 125:829-838.

    A37. Padié S., Morellet N., Cargnelutti B., Hewison A.J.M., Martin J.-L., Chamaille-Jammes S. 2015. Time to leave? Immediate response of roe-deer to contrasted playback experiments. European Journal of Wildlife Research 61:871-879.

    A36. Padié S., Morellet N., Hewison A.J.M., Martin J.-L., Bonnot N., Cargnelutti B., Chamaille-Jammes S. 2015. Roe deer at risk: teasing apart habitat selection and landscape constraints in risk exposure at multiple scales. Oikos 124:1536-1546.

    A35. Le Saout S., Martin J.-L., Blanchard P., Cebe N., Rames J.-L., Chamaillé-Jammes S. 2015. Seeing a ghost? Vigilance and its drivers in a predator-free world. Ethology 121:651-660.

    A34. Le Saout S., Padié S., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Côté S., Morellet N., Pattison J., Harris E., Martin J-L. Sous presse. Short-term effects of hunting on naïve deer: behavioral response and consequences on vegetation growth. Canadian Journal of Zoology 92:915-925.

    A33. Riotte-Lambert, L., Benhamou, S., Chamaillé-Jammes, S. 2015. How memory-based movement leads to non-territorial spatial segregation. The American Naturalist 185:e103-e116.

    A32. Crosmary W., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Mtare G., Côté S.D., Fritz H. sous presse. Decline of sable antelope in one of its key conservation areas: the greater Hwange ecosystem, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Ecology 53:94-205.

    A31. Barnier F., Valeix M., Duncan P., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Barre P., Loveridge A.J., Macdonald D.W., Fritz H. 2014. Diet quality in a wild grazer declines under the threat of an ambush predator. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 281:20140446.

    A30. Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Malcuit H., Le Saout S., Martin, J.L. 2014. Innate threat-sensitive foraging: black-tailed deer remain more fearful of wolves than of the less dangerous black bear even after 100 years of wolf absence. Oecologia 174:1151-1158.

    A29. Le Saout, S., Chollet, S., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Blanc, L., Padié, S., Verchere, T., Gaston, A.J., Gillingham, M., Gimenez, O., Parker, K.L., Picot, D., Verheyden, H., Martin, J.L. 2014. Understanding the paradox of deer persisting at high abundance in heavily browsed habitats. Wildlife Biology 20:122-135.

    A28. Benhamou, S., Valeix, M., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., MacDonald, D.W., Loveridge, A.J. 2014. Movement-based analysis of interactions in African lions. Animal Behavior 90:171-180.

    A27. Moncrieff, G., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Bond, W.J. 2014. Modelling direct and indirect impact of browser consumption on woody plant growth: moving beyond biomass. Oikos 123:315-322.

    A26. Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Mtare, G., Makuwe, E., Fritz, H. 2013. African elephants adjust speed in response to surface-water constraint on foraging during the dry season. PloS One 8:e59164

    A25. Riotte-Lambert, L., Benhamou, S., Chamaillé-Jammes, S. 2013. Periodicity analysis of movement recursions. Journal of Theoretical Biology 317:238-243.

    A24. Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Blumstein D.T. 2012. A case for quantile regression in behavioral ecology: getting more out of flight initiation distance data. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 66:985-992.

    A23. Pays, O., Blanchard, P., Valeix, M., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Duncan, P., Périquet, S., Lombard, M., Ncube, G., Tarakini, T., Makuwe, E., Fritz, H. 2012. Detecting predators and locating competitors while foraging: an experimental study of a medium-sized herbivores in an African savanna. Oecologia 169:419-430.

    A22. Moncrieff, G., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Higgins, S.I., O’Hara, R.B., Bond, W.J. 2011. Tree allometries reflect a lifetime of herbivory in an African savanna. Ecology 92:2310-2315.

    A21. Valeix, M., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Loveridge, A.J., Davidson, Z., Hunt, J.E., Madzikanda, H., Macdonald, D.W. 2011. Understanding patch departure rules for large carnivores: lion movements support a patch disturbance hypothesis. The American Naturalist 178:269-275.

    A20. Fritz, H., Loreau, M., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Valeix, M., Clobert, J. 2011. A food-web perspective on large herbivore community limitation. Ecography 34:196-202

    A19. Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Bond, W.J. 2010. Will global change improve grazing quality of grasslands? A call for a deeper understanding of the effects of shifts from C4 to C3 grasses for large herbivores. Oikos 119:1857-1861.

    A18. Midgley, J., Lawes, M., Chamaillé-Jammes, S. 2010. Savanna woody plant dynamics; the role of fire and herbivory, separately and synergistically. Australian Journal of Botany 58:1-11.

    A17. Martin, J., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Nichols, J.D., Fritz, H., Hines, J.E., Fonnesbeck, C.J., MacKenzie, D.I., Bailey, L.L. 2010. Simultaneous modeling of habitat suitability, occupancy, and relative abundance: African elephants in Zimbabwe. Ecological Applications 20:1173-1182.

    A16. Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Fritz, H, Madzikanda, H. 2009. Piosphere contribution to landscape heterogeneity: a case-study of remote-sensed woody cover in a high elephant density landscape. Ecography 32:871-880.

    A15. Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Valeix, M., Bourgarel, M., Murindagomo, F., Fritz, H. 2009 Seasonal density estimates of common large herbivores in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Ecology 44: 804-808.

    A14. Valeix, M., Loveridge, A., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Davidson, Z., Murindagomo, F., Fritz, H., Macdonald, D.W. 2009. Behavioural adjustments of African herbivores to predation risk by lions: spatiotemporal variations influence habitat use. Ecology 90:23-30.

    A13. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Fritz H. 2009. Precipitation-NDVI relationships in eastern and southern African savannas vary along a precipitation gradient. International Journal of Remote Sensing 30:3409-3422.

    A12. Valeix M., Fritz H., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Bourgarel M., Murindagomo F. 2008. Fluctuations in abundance of large herbivore populations: insights into the influence of dry season rainfall and elephant numbers from long-term data. Animal Conservation 11:391-400.

    A11. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Fritz H., Valeix M., Murindagomo F., Clobert J. 2008. Resource variability, aggregation and direct density dependence: the local regulation of an African elephant population. Journal of Animal Ecology 77:135-144.

    A10. Valeix M., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Fritz H. 2007. Interference competition and temporal niche shifts: elephants and ungulate communities at waterholes. Oecologia 153: 739-748.

    A9. Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Fritz, H., Holdo, R. 2007. Spatial relationship between elephant and sodium concentration of water disappears as density increases in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Journal of Tropical Ecology 23:725-728.

    A8. Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Valeix, M., Fritz, H. 2007. Elephant management: why can’t we throw the babies with the artificial bathwater? Diversity and Distributions 13:663-665.

    A7. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Fritz H., Murindagomo F. 2007. Climate-driven fluctuations in surface-water availability and the buffering role of artificial pumping in an African savanna: potential implication for herbivore dynamics. Austral Ecology 32:740-748.

    A6. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Fritz H., Murindagomo F. 2007. Detecting climate changes of concern in highly variable environments: quantile regressions reveal that droughts worsen in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Journal of Arid Environments 71:321-326.

    A5. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Valeix M., Fritz H. 2007. Managing heterogeneity in elephant distribution: interactions between elephant population density and surface-water availability. Journal of Applied Ecology 44:625-633.

    A4. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Fritz H., Murindagomo F. 2006. Spatial patterns of the NDVI rainfall relationship at the seasonal and interannual time-scales in an African savanna. International Journal of Remote Sensing 27:5185-5200.

    A3. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Massot M., Aragón P., Clobert J. 2006. Global warming and positive fitness response in mountain populations of common lizards Lacerta vivipara. Global Change Biology 12:392-402.

    A2. Bonnadonna F., Chamaillé-Jammes S., Pinaud D., Weimerskirch H. 2003. Magnetic cues: are they important in black-browed albatrosses (Diomedea melanophris) orientation? Ibis 145:152-155.

    A1. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Guinet C., Nicoleau F., Argentier M. 2000. A method to assess population changes in king penguins: the use of a Geographical Information System to estimate area-population relationships. Polar Biology 23:545-549.

     

    Book chapter

     

    C1. Chamaillé-Jammes S., Valeix M., Madzikanda H., Fritz H. 2014. Surface-water and elephant ecology: lessons from a waterhole-driven ecosystem, Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Dans: African Elephants and Savanna Heterogeneity (Editeurs: du Toit JH, Skarpe C., Moe S.), Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 118-131.

     

  • Students

    I always welcome new ideas and opportunities. Same for students. Come with some idea about what you would like to do, and let's chat. Unfortunately, all of this is nice but will not feed you, and finding a salary for you may be tricky. So please keep you eyes open for funding opportunities, and ideally come with suggestions when you approach me.

    Post-doc

    2017: Benedikt Gehr

    2014 - 2015: Nicolas Courbin

     

    PhD

     

    2017 - 2020: Camille Vittet, directed by me.

    In progress.

    2017 - 2020: Elodie Wielgus, co-directed by B. Cain, D. Cornelis, A. Caron and me.

    In progress.

    2015 - 2018: Rémi Patin, co-directed by D. Fortin and me.

    In progress.

    2013 - 2016: Louise Riotte-Lambert, co-directed by S. Benhamou and me.

    'Approche théorique et méthodologique des stratégies de déplacement récursif et de leurs conséquences populationnelles'

    2013 - 2016: Doug Makin, co-directed by A. Shrader and me.

    'Varying degrees of fear: How do large herbivores adjust their anti-predator behaviour in response to different predators?'

    2012 - 2015: Hugo Valls, co-directed by H. Fritz, M. de Garine-Wichatistky and me.

    'To drink or not to drink: The influence of resource availability on elephant foraging and habitat selection in a semi-arid savanna'

    2011 - 2014: Sophie Padié, co-directed by J.L. Martin and me.

    'Non-lethal effects of hunting on deer: space use strategies at multiple scales and ecosystem consequences'

    2010 - 2013: Soizic Le Saout, co-directed by J.L. Martin and me.

    'Understanding high deer densities in depleted environments: the role of food and fear in Sitka black-tailed deer'


    MSc

     

    2016 - 2018: Arnold Tshipa. 'Partial migration in African elephants'. University of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

    2017: Aïssa Morin. 'Can predator hunting mode modulate the effect of climate change on prey?' Master 2 EBE Paris. Supervised with M. Valeix (LBBE, Lyon).

    2017: Giorgia Vattiato. 'A theoretical study of the efficiency of different water search strategies in semi-arid environments'. M2 Bioscience, Lyon. Supervised with S. Benhamou (CEFE, Montpellier).

    2017: Alix Thoreau. 'Réponses proactives et réactives du zèbre des plaines au risque de prédation'. M1 BEE, Lyon.

    2013: Simon Klein. 'A la recherche des causes de la migration partielle dans la population d'éléphants du parc de Hwange au Zimbabwe'. Master 2 Biosciences, Université Lyon 1.

    2013: Hélène Malcuit. 'Les comportements antiprédateurs persistent­-ils chez le cerf d'Haida Gwaii en l'absence de prédateurs?'. Master 1 BEE, Université Montpellier II.

    2013: Eva Poilvé. 'Etude des régimes alimentaires de cerfs à queue noire dans l'archipel d'Haida Gwaii. Master 2 STS­ETE, Université de Dijon.' Mostly supervised by H. Verheyden (INRA CEFS, Castanet­-Tolosan).

    2012: Léo Grasset. 'Rôle des caractéristiques individuelles dans la vigilance chez le zèbre des plaines'. Master 2 BEE, Université Montpellier II. Supervised with P. Duncan (CEBC, Chizé).
    2011: Thibault Verchere. 'Survivre dans un milieu extrêmement appauvri, c'est possible! Exemple des cervidés de l'archipel d'Haida Gwaii'. 2011, Master 2 BEE, Grenoble. Mostly supervised by J.­L. Martin et S. Chollet (CEFE, Montpellier).
    2010: Anaïs Charbonnel. ' La structure spatiale aux points d'eau des grands herbivores sauvages dans un écosystème de savane semi­aride'. Master 1 IEGB, Université Montpellier II.
    2009: Glenn Moncrieff. 'The demographic impacts of browsing on woody plants in savannas: from individual branches to whole populations'. Master de Botanique, Université du Cap, Afrique du Sud. Supervised with W. Bond (Université du Cap).

    2006: Martin Ruckërt. 'Dynamique temporelle des tailles de groupe de grands herbivores africains et lien avec la densité.' Master 1 SCUEE, Paris.

     

    And a few others for shorter periods.

  • Contact

    Email:

    simon.chamaille@cefe.cnrs.fr

     

    Phone:

    (+33)0467613218

     

    Postal:

    CEFE-CNRS,

    1919 route de Mende,

    34293 Montpellier Cedex 5,

    France